fourth grade

Fourth Grade: Processes That Shape The Earth

Talking Science Through Texts > Fourth Grade > Processes That Shape The Earth

Driving Questions: How can water, ice, wind and vegetation change the land? What patterns of Earth’s features can be determined with the use of maps?

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Fourth Grade Crosscutting Concepts

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Patterns can be used as evidence to support an explanation.

Caues and Effect

Cause and Effect

Events have causes that generate observable patterns.

Talking Science: Crosscutting Concepts to Support Comprehension

Crosscutting concepts have application across all domains of science. As such, they are a way of linking the different domains of science. They include patterns; cause and effect; scale, proportion, and quantity; systems and system models; energy and matter; structure and function; and stability and change. The Framework emphasizes that these concepts need to be made explicit for students because they provide an organizational schema for interrelating knowledge from various science fields into a coherent and scientifically based view of the world.

Suggested Read Aloud Texts

Choose a text to view its read aloud guide.

The Rock Factory

The Rock Factory

What Shapes the Land

What Shapes the Land?

Under Michigan

Under Michigan

The Pebble in my Pocket

The Pebble in my Pocket

Talking Science: Formative Assessment Probes

Extend the discussion of these books using the suggested prompts from the Uncovering Student Ideas in Science Series from Page Keeley and NSTA.

  • 2-PS1-1
    • #9 Sink or Float, USI in Primary Grades, p. 46
    • #10 Watermelon and Grape, USI in Primary Grades, p. 50
    • #11 Is It Matter?, USI in Primary Grades, p. 54
    • #10 Is It Matter?, USI (vol 1, 2nd ed), p. 81
  • 2-PS1-2
    • #9 Sink or Float, USI in Primary Grades, p. 46
  • 2-PS1-3
    • #12 Snap Blocks, USI in Primary Grades, p. 60
  • 2-PS1-4
    • #13 Back and Forth,USI in Primary Grades, p. 64
    • #9 Is It Melting, USI, (vol 1, 2nd ed) p. 75

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